Guinea Pig Care

General Facts

Life Span: 5 to 6 years
Sexual Maturity
Male: 3 months
Female: 2 months
Gestation: 68 days (avg)
Litter Size: 2 to 4 (avg)
Weaning Age: 21 days

Guinea pigs are social animals, enjoying physical contact with other guinea pigs when housed together. Aggression between guinea pigs is sometimes a problem, especially in crowded conditions. In nature, guinea pigs are pack or herd animals. Guinea pigs are born precocious (fully furred, eyes open, and able to walk)


Cages or enclosures should be spacious, as guinea pigs produce large amounts of urine and feces. Cages can be constructed of plastic, metal, or wire, and must be well-ventilated. Walls should be at least 10 inches high. Floors can be solid or wire mesh, though foot and toe injuries can occur on wire. Bedding should consist of newspaper, shredded paper, pine shavings, or straw. NEVER use cedar shavings as these are irritating to the respiratory tract. A small upside-down cardboard box may be provided for a shelter within the cage. Keep the cage in a quiet area with a temperature range from 65-79 degrees F.


Try to expose new or young guinea pigs to a variety of foods (listed below) so they become accustomed to different foods. The bulk of the diet should consist of guinea pig pellets and grass hay or alfalfa hay. Supplement the diet with fresh, clean vegetables and fruits high in Vitamin C.

Pecan Grove Veterinary Hospital provides care for Rabbits, Rodents, Guinea Pigs, and Dogs and Cats. Please call for an appointment.